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Senin, 09 Agustus 2010

Example, Answer, And Question of Hortatory Exposition Text


HORTATORY EXPOSITION TEXT
Definition of Hortatory Exposition
Hortatory exposition is a text which represent the attempt of the writer to have the addressee do something or act in certain way.
The Generic Structure of Hortatory Exposition
1. Thesis
2. Arguments
3. Recommendation
Language Feature of Hortatory Exposition (Ciri kebahasaan dalam Hortatory umumnya memakai) :
Ä  Focusing on the writer
Ä  Abstrac nouns,misalnya policy,government dsb.
Ä  Technical verbs, misalnya species of animals,dsb.
Ä  Relating verbs, misalnya should be, doesn’t seem to have been , dsb.
Ä  Action verbs, misalnya, we must save, dsb.
Ä  Thinking verbs, misalnya I believe , dsb.
Ä  Modal verbs, misalnya We must preserve, dsb.
Ä  Modal adverbs, misalnya certainly,we, dsb.
Ä  Connectives, misalnya firstly, secondly, dsb.
Ä  evaluative words, misalnya important, valuable, trustworthy, dsb.
Ä  Kalimat pasif (passive voice)
Ä  Tenses yang digunakan Simple present tense
More Dust Bins is Cleaner
To improve comfort and cleanliness at the school, there should be an increasing number of dust bins.
When we look at classroom, school corridors and schoolyard, there papers, mineral water cops,straws, and napkin everywhere. The condition of unseemliness really hinders learning and teaching environment. They can be filled out with water coming from the rain. This can be placed for mosquito to spread out.
Anyway I notice that most of the students have responsibilities for their school environment. They put their litter on the proper place but some of them are not diligent enough to find the dust bins. The numbers of the dust bins in the school are not enough. More dust bins should be put beside each step, outside of the classrooms and some along of the corridors. Probably one dust bin should be in every ten meters. So when students want to throw away their litters, they can find the dust bins easily.
When school is equipped with sufficient dust bins, students do not have problem of discomfort any more. So provide more dust bins and school will be very clean and become a very nice place to study.
Answer the following questions based on the text above !
  1. The text above is the form of ?
  2. What is the generic structure of the text ?
  3. What is the purpose of the text ?
  4. What problem has been discussed in the text ?
  5. The most grammatical features found in the texts are in ?
  6. The underlined word in “Bahasa Indonesia” means ?
  7. What tenses that is used in the text ?

Removing Lead from Petrol

In all the discussion over the removal of lead from petrol (and the atmosphere) there doesn't seem to have been any mention of the difference between driving in the city and the country.
While I realize my leaded petrol car is polluting the air wherever I drive, I feel that when you travel through the country, where you only see the another car every five to ten minutes, the problem is not as severe as when traffic is concentrated on city roads.
Those who want to penalize older, leaded petrol vehicles and their owners don't seem to appreciate that, in the country, there is no public transport to fall back upon and one's own vehicle is the only way to get about.
I feel that the country people, who often have to travel huge distances to the nearest town and who already spend a great deal of money on petrol, should be treated differently to the people who live in the city.
Answer the following questions carefully !
1.Where is the thesis of the text above ?
2.What is the purpose of the text ?
3.The italic word in “Bahasa Indonesia” means ?
4.The text above is the form of ?
5.What is the generic structure of the last paragraph ?
6.How many argument are in the text above ?
The importance of Reading
I personally think that reading is a very important activity in our life.  Why do I say so?
Firstly, by reading we can get a lot of knowledge about many things in the world such as Science, technology. Sports, arts, culture, etc written in either books, magazine, newspaper, etc.
Secondly, by reading we can get a lot of news and information about something happening in any parts of the world which can we see directly.
Another reason, reading can give us pleasure too.  When we are tired, we read books, newspaper or magazine on the entertainment coloumn such as comedy, short story, quiz, etc. To make us relaxed.
The last, reading can also take us to other parts of the world.  By reading a book about Irian Jaya we may feel we’re  really sitting in the jungles not at home in our rooms.
From the facts above, it’s obvious that everyone needs to read to get knowledge, information and also entertainment.  Or in summary we can say reading is truly important in our life.
Answer the following questions based on the text !
1.      The text above is the form of ?
2.      What is the generic structure of the text ?
3.      What is the purpose of the text ?
4.      What is the synonym of jungles in fifth paragaraph ?
5.      What tenses that is used in the text ?
Never Try Smoking
A lot of people, especially teenagers, who do not smoke, always want to try smoking. They know it is bad for them and all, but it is just something they want to try. So they ask one of their smoker friends for a cigarette. Admittedly, they firstly can not light it on their own so they ask his friend to do it. Then they inhale that cigarette and smoke occasionally.
Apparently that makes them the born smokers. Now they do smoke fairly regularly. They can not avoid smoking and they enjoy too. They have smoker friends. Everyday they bring a pack in their pocket. For them, a pack of cigarette is as important as a wallet for their money.
Suddenly, for certain reason, they realize the fact that tobacco is the cause of a long list of nasty diseases. It is not only heart disease, stroke, and chronic lung disease but also bladder, lung, and pancreatic cancer. Even it was reported that around 400,000 Americans died each year. It was one every 80 seconds from tobacco-related illnesses.
Then they decide it is stupid to harm selves. They want to quit smoking. Unfortunately, they find that quitting smoking is so difficult. “Why can't I stop smoking? I really want to stop it”. It is hard to quit because nicotine is powerfully addictive. Cigarette is one of the most efficient drug-delivery devices ever devised. As result, when people try to quit smoking, they often experience classic nicotine withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety, irritability, headache, depression, and restlessness.
Well, still want to try smoke? Think the facts before trying! If you are not smoker, you should never and never try to smoke.
Answer the following questions based on the text above !
1.      Where is the thesis of the text above ?
2.      The italic word in “Bahasa Indonesia” means ?
3.      The text above is the form of ?
4.      What is the generic structure of the last paragraph ?
5.      How many argument are in the text above ?
Why Should Wearing a Helmet when Motorcycling
We often hear lots of stories from road regarding people taking spill on motorcycle when they are riding without using helmet. Mostly the riders badly end up in mess.
Wearing a fitted protective helmet offers many benefits which reduces the negative aspects of riding. First and the most important is that wearing the correct helmet can save a rider's life, physical ability, family pain, and money. The recommended designs of motorcycle helmets can provide total protection. They not only protect riders from getting a worse road injured accident but also from flying bugs, such as rain, sleet, mud and other potential projectiles.
Second, wearing a helmet can gives the raiders a matter of style. Helmets give the opportunity for rider to express the image they may want to project when riding on they way. This benefit may not be important to some people, but to others, it means a lot and important. By choosing the most appropriate helmet from all of the various styles, such as beanie, shortly, German, and many others, wearing a helmet which can projecting an image is an inherent crucial part of motorcycling and help riders feel more confident when riding on the road.
However, what most important is wearing helmet when riding is a matter of using it properly. Bikers should use the helmets which are fixed to their head. It is really not good if they places simply the helmets on the head without settling them properly. The bikers should fasten the helmet correctly to their head in order to get safe and comfort.
Answer the following questions based on the text !
1.      The underlined words in “Bahasa Indonesia” means ?
2.      What is the synonym of  opportunity in the third paragaraph ?
3.      What is the tittle of the text ?
4.      What is the purpose of the text ?
5.      The text above is the form of ?
6.      What is the generic structure of the text ?
A Campaign of the Importance of Reading
Reading habit is poor among Indonesians because most people haven’t realized the importance of reading.
Reading is important to transform knowledge and technology. By reading, one knows the world. He or she will understand what he doesn’t see by himself or herself. The lines of the paragraphs in an article contain pieces of knowledge. The knowledge is needed to improve the quality of human’s life. Technology transformation from other country can only be done by reading a lot various sources of literature. Valuable books in libraries and bookstores mean nothing if they are not read.
Realizing the importance of reading will make someone motivated to read. When we know that something is very important because it can give us valuable information, we will try to get or do the thing. For example, a businessman who always follows latest information or news, will know what to do in his/ her business. He will make a good decision to make a transaction. Most people in all developed countries have realized the importance or reading and they have good reading habits. In bus and train stations, vehicles, waiting rooms, parks, people like reading. They enjoy reading which gives them valuable knowledge and inspiration.
A good understanding toward the importance of reading can be achieved by well organized and effective campaign. To plant an understanding in a generation’s minds is not an easy job. It needs a hard work from all components of the nation, especially the government. A serious campaign which is organized by the central and local government can help common people wake up and stand to face the real competition. The campaign can be done through various kinds of mass media such as TV, radio, booklets, bulletins, newspapers, magazines. It can also be conducted by teachers, parents and all people who care.
Therefore, a nation-wide effective campaign of the importance of reading by all components of the nation should be done, facilitated by the government, to face the tighter competition. The world has forced globalization. Those people with little knowledge will be left behind. To speed up the better change in this country, a good reading habit is really important.
Answer the following questions based on the text above !
1.      What is the form of the text above ?
2.      What is the tittle of the text ?
3.      What is the generic structure of the text ?
4.      What is the purpose of the text ?
5.      What is the example of mass media ?
6.      What tenses that is used in the text ?

Fasten Your Seat Belt !

A seat belt, sometimes called a safety belt, is a safety harness designed to secure the occupant of a vehicle against harmful movement that may result from a collision or a sudden stop. As part of an overall occupant restraint system, seat belts are intended to reduce injuries by stopping the wearer from hitting hard interior elements of the vehicle or other passengers (the so-called second impact) and by preventing the wearer from being thrown from the vehicle.

During 2004, total accident in DKI Jakarta are 4.544 cases, with 1.146 death victims, 63% of that accident victims didn’t use seat belt (Source: tempo interactive). If we use seat belt, we will be safe if an accident happening to us. Of course it will decrease the number of death by fatal accident. This fact makes us realize that if we don’t use seat belt, we will endanger our life. So it’s very important to use seat belt.

For some people, using seat belt makes journey uncomfortable, makes us can’t move freely, etc. But if we used to wear it, it will be our habit. We will feel more and more comfortable if we often use it. Regardless of whether it is comfortable or not, it is very important for us to use seat belt, to save our life.

Government, especially police department, began enforcing us to use a seat belt to decrease the number of death victim. It’s appropriated with polices’ slogan “Melindungi dan Mengayomi Masyarakat Indonesia”. Because the number of death victim in Indonesia is so high. And most of the death victims didn’t use seat belt.
A rule in our country about seat belt:

UNDANG-UNDANG LALU LINTAS DAN ANGKUTAN JALAN

Pasal 61
(2) Barang siapa tidak menggunakan sabuk keselamatan pada waktu mengemudikan kendaraan bermotor roda empat atau lebih, atau tidak mengggunakan helm pada waktu mengemudikan kendaraan bermotor roda dua atau pada waktu mengemudikan kendaraan bermotor roda empat atau lebih yang tidak dilengkapi dengan rumah-rumah, sebagaimana dimaksud dalam Pasal 23 ayat (1) huruf e, dipidana dengan pidana kurungan paling lama 1 (satu) bulan atau denda setinggi-tingginya Rp. 1.000.000,00 (satu juta rupiah).
This rule is good, but I think the sanction of this rule is so cruel, it’s very expensive to pay for Indonesian people. Indonesia isn’t a rich country. This rule is susceptible to be misused, the misuse of paying the sanction. It will be better if the sanction is below Rp 1.000.000,00.
How about a pregnant woman?
I think pregnant woman shouldn’t be free from the rule enforcing the use of a seat belt. Her big stomach isn’t a reason to not use seat belt. Now, there is a special seat belt which is designed for pregnant woman. For pregnant mothers, the fetus is protected by a sac full of amniotic fluid. This sac is quite strong and the fluid inside acts like a cushion to protect the fetus. The sac is pliable so it can change shape to a certain degree. The proper use of a seat belt will divert the pressure points off the sac, and thus the fetus would only be minimally affected. The lap belt should be worn low over the pelvic bones and not against the soft stomach area. The shoulder belt should be worn across the chest. Both should be worn snugly. So, the baby won’t be pressed by seat belt.
There is no reason for us to not use seat belt. There are so many advantages of using seat belt. And there are so many disadvantages if you don’t use seat belt. I think we have to rely on one thing: our safety. As wise men say: ”Protection is better than curing”. So, fasten your seat belt…!!!
Answer some questions below based on the text above !
  1. The text above is in the form of ?
  2. The generic structure of the last paragraph is ?
  3. How many paragraph are in the text ?
  4. What is the Indonesian police slogan ?
  5. What is the thesis of the text above ?
Solve the Problem of Economic Issues
Government should not raise fuel price to solve the problem of economic issues. People were affected severely with the high fuel price hike last year. Obviously they cut their spending. As an example, they had to buy lower quality of rice or palm oil. There were also fewer buyers of secondary commodities like flour, or canned meat or fish.
Furthermore, the condition of low income family will become even worse because their expenses will increase while their salaries will not. Many companies will have to trim the number of employees because they are incapable of managing buying or selling price, standard wages and personal affairs.
Finally, government should not raise fuel price to overcome economic problem but the solution should be sought by tapping into the nation’s own potential and utilizing it to enhance productivity to its maximum.
Answer the following questions based on the text!
1.      The text above is in the form of?
2.      The generic structure of the first paragraph is?
3.      What is the purpose of the text ?
4.      What is the writer suggestion ?
5.      What problem has been discussed in the text ?
Where Should Be after High School?
The National examination result will be publicly enounced in next short time. Euphoria will flood for those who get success. In the other hand, It will be sorry to hear that there are some of them do not succeed in their national final examination. For those who succeed soon will think to decide; where will they be after graduating high school? Actually it will be easy to decide for those has been arranged and thought earlier but for those have not planed yet, it will be quite confusing.
Continuing study or looking for work is the primary choice among them. When they think about continuing study, they will think hard about the time and cost. How long the higher study will last? And how high is about the cost. In the same way, when they think about straightly seeking job, what skill and competence they have got is a big matter of questioning. So, doing both choices in the same time is an alternative.
Continuing study as well as seeking job is possibly done but it will be hard for them. Conventionally studying in the university needs much time to spend especially in the first year. It is true because they have to do and adapt a lot of things in their new higher school. it will be very hard to looking for job. Therefore it should come to their mind of continuing studying at higher school from their own home. As result, the available time will be more flexible for them. Then it will be very possible to seek job and get the appropriate one. This type of studying is publicly known as distance learning.
As the alternative method of studying, besides the conventional studying which students and the lecturer have to meet in the fixed time and place regularly, distance learning provides possibility to grow better. Possibly working and studying surely will create high quality graduate. Distance learning should appear as a considerable choice for them.
Answer the following questions based on the text above !
1.      Where is the thesis of the text above ?
2.      The bold-italic word in “Bahasa Indonesia” means ?
3.      The text above is the form of ?
4.      What is the generic structure of the second and third paragraph ?
5.      How many argument are in the text above ?
Watch your Kids While Watching TV
Television becomes one of the most important devices which takes place in almost houses. It can unite all members of the family as well as separate them. However, is it important to know what your kids are watching? The answer is, of course, absolutely “Yes” and that should be done by all parents. Television can expose things you have tried to protect the children from, especially violence, pornography, consumerism and so on.
Recently, a study demonstrated that spending too much time on watching TV during the day or at bedtime often cause bed-time disruption, stress, and short sleep duration.
Another research found that there is a significant relationship between the amount of time spent for watching television during adolescence and early adulthood, and the possibility of being aggressive.
Meanwhile, many studies have identified a relationship between kids who watch TV a lot and being inactive and overweight.
Considering some facts mentioning above, protect your children with the following tips:
  • Limit television viewing to one-two hours each day
  • Do not allow your children to have a TV set in their own bedrooms
  • Review the rating of TV shows which your children watch
  • Watch television with your children and discuss what is happening in the show
Answer the following questions based on the text !
1.      What is the kind the text above ?
2.      What is the purpose of the text ?
3.      What is the generic structure of the text ?
4.      What is the means of adolescence and adulthood in the third paragaraph ?
5.      What is the thesis of the text above ?
  1. How many tips are in the text ? explain !

 Tourism Benefit on Local People

What is the benefit of tourism for local people? Well, Tourism is now a huge contributor to the economies of most countries. Tourism industries can bring money, job vacancy and advancement especially to developing regions. However, this money often goes into the pockets of foreign investors, and only rarely benefits for local people.
Tourism industries will not give much benefit for local people if, for example, multinational hotel chains don't care about the surrounding nature when they build new hotels. This can cause many social, cultural and geographical problems. Some local people may get job and money from that International hotel chain. However in case of missing that opportunity, some of them still have their own environment.
Moreover, some facts show that tourists tend to go, visit and spend their money in restaurants, bars and even luxury hotels of that multinational chains. They less go to such places; restaurant, bar, hotel, shop which are owned by local people. This can prevent the local people's business from becoming even larger.
Most important thing, tours or excursions of tourism have little effect on nature. Even it can disrupt or destroy ecosystems and environments, and if it does, the local people will get the risk.
So the local government policies should be put in place to ensure that tourism will make the benefit spreading widely. The policies should guarantee that tourism will not cause any harm to any local people or places.
Answer some question below !
1.   The text above is in the form of?
2.   The generic structure of the first paragraph is ?
3.   What is the purpose of the text ?
4.   What is the writer suggestion ?
5.   The most grammatical features found in the texts are in ?
Mobile Phones in the School
Recently most people own mobile phone. Why does mobile phone user increase dramatically in recent years? First, the feature and functions has increased. Mobile phone is not used just for calling, but sending text, taking pictures, recording videos, accessing internet, playing games and much more. Second, mobile phone has also become a lot cheaper. Now this communication device does not only fill the pocket of adult but also teenager and student. Even a lot phones are intentionally designed to teenaged market. However should they be allowed to bring them to school.
Many schools do not allow students to bring cell phones to school. It is very reasonable because bringing phone to school potentially disrupts the learning process. Most students use cell phones irresponsibly. They use cell phones to talk to their friend during class time. They also use the calculator and camera features in the class as well. Those potentially lead less concentration in the time of learning and teaching process.
Students go to school to learn and behave fair way. Mobile phones provide a large temptation to cheat in tests. They can communicate to anyone and almost anywhere in the world. Because of the small size of the cell phone, students can send a text quietly and discreetly. The text can go unnoticed anywhere to get help on answering tests, homework, and other class assignment. Learning in school is to behave fair not cheating.
Therefore, schools should ban students from bringing their cell phones. However it should be done fairly. In case of an emergency some student need a call for help, providing easy access to phone is better.
Answer the questions below based on the text above !
1.      What is the kind the text above ?
2.      What is the purpose of the text ?
3.      What is the generic structure of the text ?
4.      Where is the recommendation of the text ?
5.      What is the means of discreetly in the text in “Bahasa Indonesia” ?
6.      What is the tittle of the text ?

Questions solving

A. More Dust Bins is Cleaner

1.  Hortatory exposition text
2.  The generic structure is thesis, arguments and recommendation
3.  To influencing and persuading the readers by presenting the supporting arguments.
4.  The dust binds is not use-well in the school.
5.  Second and third paragraph
6.  Unseemliness in bahasa Indonesia means ketidaklayakan
7.  The text is use simple present tense

B. Removing Lead from Petrol

1.  The thesis is of the text is In all the discussion over the removal of lead from petrol (and the atmosphere) there doesn't seem to have been any mention of the difference between driving in the city and the country.

2.  To persuade the readers by presenting the supporting arguments.

3.  Penalize means menghukum atau memidanakan

4.  Kind of Hortatory exposition text

5.  Recommendation

6.  There are three arguments

C.    The importance of Reading

1.  Hortatory exposition text
2.  The generic structure is thesis, arguments and recommendation
3.  To influencing and persuading the readers by presenting the supporting arguments.
4.  The synonym of jungles is forest
5.  The text is use simple present tense

D.   Never Try Smoking

1.  In the first paragraph

2.   Avoid means menghindari, membatalakan
devised means menemukan, merencanakan
restlessness means keresahan, kegelisahan.
3.   That is the form of Hortatory exposition text
4.  The generic structure of the last paragraph is recomendation
5.   There are three arguments






E.                  Why Should Wearing a Helmet when Motorcycling

1.  Spill means jatuh
benefits means keuntungan
inherent means berpautan dengan
2.  The synonym of  opportunity is occasion
3.  The tittle of the text is Why Should Wearing a Helmet when Motorcycling
4.   To influencing and persuading the readers by presenting the supporting arguments.
5.  Kind of Hortatory exposition text
6.  The generic structure is thesis, arguments and recommendation

F.  A Campaign of the Importance of Reading

1.  That is the form of Hortatory exposition text

2.   The tittle is A Campaign of the Importance of Reading

3.  thesis, arguments and recommendation
4.  The purpose of the text is to persuade the readers by presenting the supporting arguments.
5.  Example of  mass media are TV, radio, booklets, bulletins, newspapers, and magazines.
6.  Simple present tense

G. Fasten Your Seat Belt !

1.    Hortatory exposition text
2.     recomendation
3.     There are ten paragraphs
4.     polices’ slogan is “Melindungi dan Mengayomi Masyarakat Indonesia”.
5.     The thesis is A seat belt, sometimes called a safety belt, is a safety harness designed to secure the occupant of a vehicle against harmful movement that may result from a collision or a sudden stop

H. Solve the Problem of Economic Issues

1.    That is the form of Hortatory exposition text
2.     Thesis
3.     To influence and persuade the readers by presenting the supporting arguments.
4.    The writer suggestion is government should not raise fuel price to overcome economic problem but the solution should be sought by tapping into the nation’s own potential and utilizing it to enhance productivity to its maximum.
5.    Solve an economic issues

I.Where Should Be after High School?

1.    The thesis of the text above is The National examination result will be publicly enounced in next short time
2.    Enounced = dinyatakan
graduating = lulus
considerable = sekali, amal
3.     That is the form of Hortatory exposition text
4.    the generic structure of the second and third paragraph is argument
5.     there are two arguments

J.Watch your Kids While Watching TV

1.    Kind of Hortatory exposition text

2.    The purpose of the text is to persuade the readers by presenting the supporting arguments.
3.    The generic structure is thesis, arguments and recommendation
4.    adolescence = masa remaja
adulthood = masa dewasa/tua
5.     The thesis is of the text is Television becomes one of the most important devices which takes place in almost houses
6.     There are Three tips :
Ø  Limit television viewing to one-two hours each day
Ø  Do not allow your children to have a TV set in their own bedrooms
Ø  Review the rating of TV shows which your children watch
Ø  Watch television with your children and discuss what is happening in the show

K.   Tourism Benefit on Local People

1.    Hortatory exposition
2.     thesis
3.     to persuade the readers that tourism is now a huge contributor to the economies of most countries
4.    The local government policies should be put in place to ensure that tourism will make the benefit spreading widely
5.    the simple present tense

L.    Mobile Phones in the School

1.    Hortatory exposition text
2.    To influence and persuade the readers by presenting the supporting arguments.
3.     The generic structure is thesis, arguments and recommendation
4.     The recomendation is of the text is in the last paragraph
5.    Discreetly means dengan bijaksana/ hati-hati
6.    The tittle of the text is Mobile Phones in the School